File Size: 4665 KB
Print Length: 280 pages
Publisher: Skyhorse Publishing (September 16, 2014)
Publication Date: September 16, 2014
Just what exactly let actually the Muslim Arabs conquer such fast areas in such a brief time-span? I came up with four reasons.
1) Morale/Motivation: Is actually always easier when you believe that the one true God sanctions your steps. This may still be noticed nowadays.
2) Good strategies: The Arabs used their light cavalries also to transport their infantry; every rider would carry along an additional infantryman, and as a result, the Arab armies could move incredible fast from one spot to another. Moreover, once they had conquered an enemy army, they would subsequently chase and cut down survivors, so that they cannot reform and attack anew.
3) Good strategies: The Arabs had apparently with Khalid a general that was worthy to be compared with Alexander the Great and that could quickly react to changed conditions with an ingenious tactic.
4) Typically the exhausting war the Persians and Romans fought before; even though Peter Crawford says that one should not overstress this factor, this war seems to have had the result that both empires could only muster one big field army. Once this army had lost its battle, both sides could hardly react anymore.
Are usually there shortcomings? One big problem of this book, besides the missing source evaluation, if you require it, is that the subject matter appears to have had no natural end. Consequently, Peter Crawford didn't know where to stop. This particular made him ending in two short chapters, where the whole Muslim conquests up to the fight of Poitiers and their battle against a China army in the far east were superficially discussed. Of course the further Islamic conquests are interesting stories by themselves, but hurrying them through such brief chapters did them a disservice. The only functionality they can have now is to wet our hunger to read more evolving books on these later subjects. Peter Crawford should have ended with the death of Heraclius, by which time the Muslims had conquered Egypt, or with the death of Uthman and the initial Fitna. As it stands now, the book somehow ends out, like a typical eighties song, and once a concluding epilogue does appear, very low hard job meeting a fading interest.
In summary, if you would like to read a well-written and entertaining short book about the early Muslim conquests, I can recommend you this book. However , if you require a more in-depth analysis of the subject matter, I would suggest you to read another book. After all, this is a brief book for the laymen who knows almost nothing about the topic., I have read almost several books on this subject, including a few that came out just lately. This is, hands down, the most of the whole lot. It covers the general areas and is filled with very interesting quotable tidbits and details. The book has helpful charts and maps as well. Combination references is the spine with this sort of book. And, there is not any science to it: It is generally art. Crawford is a master of this artwork. This is the definitive book on the subject., This guide is filled with interesting history and information. It was hard to read, for me anyway, because I was unfamiliar with the majority of the brands and places, as the author supposed one would be. However, I tied to it and am glad We did. In some situations in the book you are feeling like you're reading yesterday's newspaper!, Excellent history book showing the historical roots of our major religions., On the close of the 6th century the western was still being dominated by the two superpowers of Rome and Persia. Rome may not have been as enormous as it once was, but it still busy the majority of the Mediterranean and occupied the Middle Eastern into part of Mesopotamia. By the ending of the 7th century Persia was gone, Rome was reduced to a much-harried part of Asia Minor, and the Islamic state handled Iran, the entirety of the center East, North Africa, and was preparing to invade Spain. The complete world order had changed. Yet it has rarely been discussed (at the very least in English). Certainly not from the perspective of the original inhabitants.
This guide has set out to change that. It can be divided into two broad parts. First, it addresses the final wars between Rome and Persia. Typically the ones that left both open to invasion. Subsequently, it explores the increase of Islam and the crippling defeats of both Rome and Persia. Despite the greater drama of this second set of battles Crawford would not scrimp on his accounts of the Romano-Persian ones. I use read books on both of these matters (I include a list below) but We have never seen them together before. This book takes the broad view that is often missing in discussions of the 7th century. As a result of dispersed and limited nature of the sources much attention in scholarship has to resolving details or analyzing one aspect of these changes. Only recently have the multiple disciplines (Byzantinists, linguists, and Arabists) started out combining their material.
This particular book provides a basic army description of all these events. It does so with clarity and a series of very helpful maps and photographs. Presently there are 44 maps by yourself, all illustrating different challenges or stages in just a fight. Sometimes these diagrams can make clear actions that are hard to understand without visuals. I may accept everything the creator says by any means (particularly concerning army sizes), but We understand why he arrived to the conclusions this individual did. I have few comments to make since i have believe this author did his job well and unobtrusively. The fact that he manages to blend sources from Greek, Latina, Syriac, Arabic, Armenian, and Iranian accounts into a coherent whole that (while focused mainly on the Romans) is thorough in its description of all participants is an achievement worth praise. If you want to read an e book on this period then this is the one to choose. In case you are more considering a religious or social history then you'll have to try searching through the specialist literature.
Because promised I include here a listing of books that There is helpful previously when dealing with this period. The Excellent Arab Conquests deals with (as might be expected) the Arab Conquest. This book outlines the course that these conquests took. Kennedy is somewhat suspicious of the details included in Arabic options, so this book can often be vague in hopes of recording much less inaccuracies. It is focused quite definitely on the Arab aspect with little point out of Roman or Local accounts. Similarly focused is The Sword of Allah , a army biography of Khalid Bin Al-Waleed famous throughout the Islamic world. I found this one suspiciously positive about very questionable accounts, but I can't reject that it provides a good overview of Khalid's promotions.
On the Roman aspect there remains no single book that covers these events. However, Walter Kaegi has written several that when combined cover the period. Heraclius, Emperor of Byzantium is a resource of Heraclius that addresses his Persian and Arab wars. Byzantium and the Early Islamic Conquests addresses the Islamic conquest of Syria. Islamic Expansion and Byzantine Failure in North Africa covers the Islamic conquest of North Africa. Kaegi is an expert on the period, but his works are difficult to read and inadequately edited. He remains the best source for information on the Persian or earlier Islamic wars from your Roman perspective, although John Haldon's Byzantium in the Seventh Century offers a good overview. The Persians have less data to go on given the sources. However, The Drop and Fall of the Sasanian Empire gives a gallant try at it. There exists much more here than simply a brief history of the drop of the Persian Empire. It tries very difficult to demonstrate that the Parthian households were a major strength behind the Sassanian throne. It's not a simple book for the beginner (and that's pretty much all there is in English), but it is well worth the read.
Presently there is another book that came out recently called In The Darkness of the Sword . It covers basically the same period as this one, but is focused mainly on different religions and cultures. I somewhat feel that the headings of that book is more apt for this one and the other way round. At any rate, it may give a basic look at the three different civilizations but it spends remarkably little time on the campaigns.
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