File Size: 2204 KB
Print Length: 384 pages
Publisher: Harvard University Press (October 6, 2014)
Publication Date: October 6, 2014
Over the past 200 years approximately, the actions that the myth or idea of `race' has produced include racism, bigotry, prejudice, elegance, injustice, oppression, conquest, fear, `ethnic cleansing, ' and genocide. It was used to justify slavery, imperialism, colonialism, the conquest and destruction of native people around the world, the infamous Nazi genocide against the Jews and other supposedly `inferior races' during the Second World Battle, and much more recently the `ethnic-cleansing' in Bosnia and genocide in Rwanda. Today, racism remains one of the most important global human problems or issues, and it has in the past and continues today to cause immense human suffering and also to blight the lives of millions of people around the world. This is why anthropologists have argued that `race' signifies humankind's `most dangerous myth' (Montagu 1997), and why we believe we now have both a scientific obligation to resist and discredit the use of the idea of `race' and a social responsibility to combat racism.
If you are thinking about the scientific proof of the non-existence of human 'races' and the social scientific critique of this extraordinarily dangerous idea, here is a selection of a few of the key texts which, like Sussman's book, debunk the myth of 'race. '
Ann Arbor Science for the People Editorial Collective
1977 Biology as a Social Weapon. Burgess.
Bamshad, Michael & Olson, Steve
2003 "Does Race Exist? " Scientific American, 289(1): 78-85.
1977 Typically the Idea of Race. Tavistock. London.
1937 Race: A Study in a Modern Superstition. Harper & Row. New York.
1942 Race and Racism. Routledge & Kegan Paul. London.
Berg, Manfred & Wendt, Simon
last year Racism in the Contemporary World: Historical Perspectives on Cultural Transfer and Version. Bergahn.
2150 Race. Blackwell. Oxford.
Berreman, Gerald M.
1972 "Race, Caste, and Other Invidious Differences in Social Stratification. " Race, 13: 4, 385-414.
2014 Racisms: From the Crusades to the Twentieth Century. Princeton University Press.
2012 Race Decoded: Typically the Genomic Fight for Social Justice. Stanford University Click. Palo Alto.
1940 Race, Language and Culture. Free Press. New York.
2005 "Race" is a Four-Letter Globe: The Genesis of the Concept. Oxford University Press. New York.
Colman, Andrew M.
72 "'Scientific' Racism and evidence on Race and Brains. " Race, 14: 2, 137-153.
1997 Myth of Human Contests. Michigan State University Click. East Lansing.
Delgado, Richard & Stefancic, Jean
spring 2012 Critical Race Theory: An Introduction. 2nd ed. New You are able to University Press.
2005 "Race and Reification in Science. " Science, 307: 5712, 1050-1051.
2000 Human Naturel: Genes, Cultures, and the Human Prospect. Island Click. Washington, DC.
2014 The parable of Race/The Reality of Racism: Essential Essays. 2nd ed. Écrit.
Fish, Jefferson M.
spring 2012 The Myth of Contest. Argo-Navis.
2006 Race and Racism: An Introduction. AltaMira. Lanham.
Fredrickson, George Meters.
2002 Racism: A Short History. Princeton University Press. Princeton.
2012 Race, Monogamy, and Other Lies They Informed You. University of California Press. Berkeley.
Goldberg, David Theo
1993 Racist Lifestyle: Philosophy and the Governmental policies of Meaning. Blackwell.
2006 "Two Queries About Race. " Social Sciences Research Council.
Goodman, Alan; Moses, Yolanda; Jones, Joseph
2012 Race: Are We all So Different? Wiley-Blackwell. Malden, MA.
Gould, Stephen Jay
1996 The Mismeasure of Man. W. W. Norton & Company.
Graves, Joseph L., Jr.
2005 Typically the Race Myth: Why We all Pretend Race Exists in America. Plume.
2005 "What We Know and What We Don't Understand: Human Variation and the Social Construction of Contest. "Is Race "Real? " SSRC Web Forum, 25 April. http://raceandgenomics.ssrc.org/Graves/pf/.
2003 The Emperor's New Clothes: Biological Theories of Race at the Millennium. Rutgers University Press. Piscataway, NJ.
Gregory, Steven & Sanjek, Roger (eds. )
1994 Race. Rutgers University or college Press. New Brunswick.
Hammonds, Evelyn Meters.
2006 "Straw As well as Their Followers: Typically the Return of Biological Contest. " Social Sciences Analysis Council, http://raceandgenomics.ssrc.org/Hammonds/.
1968 "Race. " Encylopedia of the Social Sciences, ed. by D. Sills. Macmillan. New York. Pgs. 263-268.
Harrison, Faye V.
2002 "Unraveling `Race' for the Twenty-First Century. " In: Exotic No More: Anthropology on the Front Outlines, ed. by J. MacClancy. University of Chicago Click. Chicago.
Harrison, Faye (ed. )
2005 Resisting Racism and Xenophobia. AltaMira. Lanham.
Harrison, Person P.
this year Race and Reality: Just what Everyone Should Know about Our Biological Diversity. Prometheus Books.
2006 "Race & Genes. " Social Sciences Research Authorities, http://raceandgenomics.ssrc.org/Hubbard/.
Hubbard, Ruth & Wald, Elijah
1999 Exploding the Gene Myth: How Genetic Information is Developed and Manipulated by Experts, Physicians, Employers, Insurance Businesses, Educators and Law Enforcers. 3rd ed. Beacon Click. Boston.
2013 A Dreadful Deceit: Typically the Myth of Race from the Colonial Era to Obama's America. Basic Books.
Keita, S. O. Y. & Kittles, Rick A.
1997 "The Persistence of Racial Thinking and the Myth of Racial Curve. " American Anthropologist, 99: 3, 534-544.
2006 "If `Race' is the Answer, What is the Question? " Social Sciences Research Council. http://raceandgenomics.ssrc.org/Krieger/.
Krimsky, Sheldon & Gruber, Jeremy (eds. )
2013 Genetic Explanations: Sense and Nonsense. Harvard University Click.
Krimsky, Sheldon & Sloan, Kathleen
2012 Race and Genetic Revolution: Science, Myth, and Culture. Columbia University or college Press. New York.
Leach, Edmund R.
1975 "Cultural Parts in the Concept of Race. " In: Racial Variation in Man, ed. by F. Ebling. Institute of The field of biology. London.
Lewontin, Richard C.
2003 "Confusions About Human Races. " Social Sciences Research Council, http://raceandgenomics.ssrc.org/Lewontin/.
2001 It Isn't Necessarily So: The Fantasy of the Human Genome and Other Illusions. New York Review Books.
1993 Biology as Ideology: The Doctrine of DNA. Harper Perennial.
1977 "Biological Determinism as a Social Weapon. " In: Biology as a Social Weapon, male impotence. by the Ann Arbor Science for the People Editorial Collective. Burgess. Minneapolis.
Lewontin, Ur. C.; Rose, Steven; Kamin, Leon
1985 Not in Our Genes: Biology, Ideology, and Human Nature. Pantheon.
75 "The Debate Over Contest: A Study in the Sociology of Knowledge. " In: Race and IQ, ed. with a. Montagu. Oxford University Press. London.
Lieberman, Leonard & Rice, Patricia
1997 "Races or Clines? " General Anthropology Section, American Anthropological Association. Buenos aires, DC.
Livingstone, Frank B.
1964 "On the Nonexistence of Human Races. " In: The Concept of Race, male impotence. by A. Montagu. Macmillan. New York.
2005 "The Realities of Races. " "Is Contest "Real? " Social Sciences Research Council Web Community forum, 20 April. http://raceandgenomics.ssrc.org/Marks/pf/.
1995 Human Biodiversity: Genes, Race, and Background. Aldine de Gruyter. New York.
Mielke, Wayne; Konigsberg, Lyle; Relethford, Steve
2010 Human Biological Variation. 2nd male impotence. Oxford University Press.
2001 Man's Biggest Myth: The Fallacy of Race. 6th ed. Entrada Mira.
Pine Creek. (First published 1942).
1963 Contest, Science and Humanity. Truck Nostrand. Princeton, NJ.
1962 "The Concept of Race. " American Anthropologist, 64: 5, 83-97.
2011 The Character of Race: How Experts Think and Teach about Human Difference. University of California Press. Berkeley.
Mukhopadhyay, Carol; Henze, Rosemary & Moses, Yolanda
2007 How Real is Race? A Sourcebook on Race, Lifestyle and Biology. AltaMira. Lanham.
1985 "Black or White? Typically the Origins of Racism. " No. 145, March.
1998 "No Neurological Basis for Race, Experts Say Distinctions Prove to be Skin Deep. " SFGate. com, 23 Feb. http://sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/chronicle/archive/1998/02/23/MN94378.DTL.
2007 Racism: A Very Brief Introduction. Oxford University Click.
2012 Dangerous Invention: How Science, Governmental policies, and massive Business Re-Create Contest in the Twenty-first Hundred years. The brand new Press.
Rose, Steven; Kamin, Leon & Lewontin, R. Chemical.
1984 Not really inside our Genes: Biology, Ideology and Human Nature. Penguin Books. Harmondsworth.
1977 The Use and Abuse of Biology: An Anthropological Critique of Sociobiology. University or college of Michigan Press. Ann Arbor.
1994 "The Enduring Inequalities of Race. " In: Contest, ed. by S. Gregory & R. Sanjek. Rutgers University Press. New Brunswick.
Solomos, Steve & Back, Les (eds. )
2150 Theories of Race and Racism. Routledge. New You are able to.
2001 "Race Gene Does Not Exist, say Scientists. " Typically the Seattle Times, 11 Feb. http://archives.seattletimes.nwsource.com/cgi-bin/texis.cgi/web/vortex/display?slug=race11m&date=20010211&query=race+gene+does+not+exist.
Natural stone, John & Dennis, Rutledge (eds. )
1995 Race & Ethnicity. Blackwell. Oxford.
Sussman, Robert W.
2014 The Myth of Race: The Worrying Persistence of an Unscientific Idea. Harvard University Click.
Tattersall, Ian & DeSalle, Rob
2011 Race?: Debunking a Scientific Myth. Texas A&M University Press.
Wailoo, Keith; Nelson, Alondra; Lee, Catherine (eds. )
spring 2012 Genetics and the Outstanding Past: The Collision of DNA, Race, and Background. Rutgers University Press.
Young, Joseph & Braziel, Jane (eds. )
2001 Contest and the Foundations of Knowledge: Cultural Amnesia in the Academy. University of Illinois Press. Urbana.
2014 Race Unmasked: Biology and Race in the Twentieth Century. Columbia University Press. New York.
2002 Philosophy of Science and Race. Routledge. New York., So many idiotic, racist, unscientific reviews by people who obviously have never studied biology, genes, a persons genome project, nor studied the history of racism. Eugenics started in the U. S in the early 20th Chemical. and was perfected by Hitler as a social and political doctrine. Typically the book " The Nazi Doctors" details this background. Today's racist haters tend to be more subtle-they quote Ernst Mayr out of context, say things like " see! they are different, they must be different races. " Genetics and DNA overcome all of your totally biased and ignorant arguments- Our company is indeed related to all species on earth, particularly to the truly amazing apes, who have much of our DNA. Mayr said this like a rule. Recently it was discovered that Northern Europeans have a great deal of Neanderthal DNA in their lineage. What is your argument now, that Dark-colored Africans are therefore more pure and human than Swedes because they have less " sub-human" blood in them? These are the type of invincibly ignorant paths that racists go down. I studied Physical Anthropology and Genetics in college, and Sussman should be applauded for debunking many continual, non-scientific myths for the veiled hatred they represent. DNA make-up and distinctions between what used to be called " races" are so statistically minor as to be meaningless-Asian students typically test LOWEST on IQ scores! (a cultural-based test) But they as a group they test the highest SAT results, LCAT, MCAT and performance tests. Social scientists know this is purely because of cultural distinctions and values. However many persevere in their ignorance and misdirection- a famous comic said " you can't cure stupid. "
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